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Bipolar Disorder

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What is bipolar disorder?

Bipolar disorder is a manic-depressive illness characterized by erratic changes in mood.

Bipolar disorder is broken up into four types all consisting of depression, mania, or hypomania.


Four Types

Bipolar I Disorder

-One or more episodes of mania lasting 7 or more days or require hospitalizations

-Depressive episodes possible as well

Bipolar II Disorder

-Mood changes include shift from depressive and hypomanic episodes (less severe form of mania)

Cyclothymic Disorder (or cyclothymia)

-Chronic mood alterations from hypomania to mild depression lasting at least 2 years

-May include periods of normal mood lasting no longer than 8 weeks

Other specified and unspecified bipolar and related disorders

-Disorder not meeting the criteria for the first three types of bipolar, but has significantly abnormal mood changes


Mania vs. Depressive States

Mania vs Depressive States

Treatment

It is important to seek treatment for all types of bipolar disorder. Treatment may include:

Psychotherapy, such as Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, and Family-Focused Therapy

Medications, including:

-Mood stabilizers

-Antipsychotic medications

-Antidepressants


Where To Begin

Making an appointment with a mental health provider
Ask questions
Create treatment plan

All information taken from:

NAMI - National Alliance on Mental Illness. (2017). Bipolar Disorder.

NIMH - U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, National Institutes of Health, National Institute of Mental Health. (2015). Depression (NIH Publication No. 15-3561). Bethesda, MD: U.S. Government Printing Office.