-One or more episodes of mania lasting 7 or more days or require hospitalizations
-Depressive episodes possible as well
-Mood changes include shift from depressive and hypomanic episodes (less severe form of mania)
-Chronic mood alterations from hypomania to mild depression lasting at least 2 years
-May include periods of normal mood lasting no longer than 8 weeks
-Disorder not meeting the criteria for the first three types of bipolar, but has significantly abnormal mood changes
Psychotherapy, such as Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, and Family-Focused Therapy
NAMI - National Alliance on Mental Illness. (2017). Bipolar Disorder.
NIMH - U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, National Institutes of Health, National Institute of Mental Health. (2015). Depression (NIH Publication No. 15-3561). Bethesda, MD: U.S. Government Printing Office.