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Anxiety

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What is anxiety?

Anxiety disorders are characterized by constant worry and fear over a long period of time.

More intense and persistent than common normal anxiety, an anxiety disorder interferes with an individual’s daily activities.


Types


Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD): individuals with GAD experience excessive anxiety for for months or longer. Symptoms include:

-Restlessness or feeling wound-up or on edge

-Being easily fatigued

-Difficulty concentrating or having their minds go blank

-Irritability

-Muscle tension

-Difficulty controlling the worry

-Sleep problems (difficulty falling or staying asleep or restless, unsatisfying sleep)


Panic Disorder: individuals with panic disorder experience unexpected and sudden periods of panic including both physical and psychological symptoms including:

-Palpitations, pounding heart, or accelerated heart rate

-Sweating, trembling or shaking

-Sensations of shortness of breath, smothering, or choking

-Feelings of impending doom.

-Sudden and repeated attacks of intense fear

-Feelings of being out of control during a panic attack

-Intense worries about when the next attack will happen

-Fear or avoidance of places where panic attacks have occurred in the past


Social Anxiety Disorder: occurring at the onset of social or performance situations

-Feeling highly anxious about being with other people and having a hard time talking to them

-Feeling very self-conscious in front of other people and worried about feeling humiliated, embarrassed, or rejected, or fearful of offending others

-Being very afraid that other people will judge them

-Worrying for days or weeks before an event where other people will be

-Staying away from places where there are other people

-Having a hard time making friends and keeping friends

-Blushing, sweating, or trembling around other people

-Feeling nauseous or sick to your stomach when other people are around


Treatment

Anxiety is a treatable condition by multiple types of treatment. These may include therapy, antidepressant drugs, or both. A specific therapy used for individuals with anxiety is Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT), a type of psychotherapy that teaches patients ways to modify their behavior and anxious thinking.

Where To Begin

Making an appointment with a mental health provider
Talking to your Doctor
Stress-management
Support Groups

All information taken from:

NIMH - U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, National Institutes of Health, National Institute of Mental Health. (2015). Depression (NIH Publication No. 15-3561). Bethesda, MD: U.S. Government Printing Office.